How To Create Command Line In Console CLI In Magento 2

Create a custom command line in the console CLI, console command line interface (CLI) is an essential tool for developers to interact with a web application. In Magento 2, CLI provides a way to manage and control the application through command lines. In this tutorial, we will guide you on how to create a custom command line in Console CLI in Magento 2.

Steps To Create Command Line In Console CLI 

  • Create Module
  • Create command file
  • Define command in di.xml
  • Check Commands list
  • Test Command

Create Module In Magento 2

In the previous article, we discussed in detail to create a custom module in Magento 2.

Create a Command file In Magento 2

Next, we need to create a command file that will contain the logic of our custom command. We can create a command file.



Code of GreetingCommand.php

namespace GDBlogger\DemoModule\Console\Command;

use Symfony\Component\Console\Command\Command;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Output\OutputInterface;

class GreetingCommand extends Command
    protected function configure()
             ->setDescription('Displays a greeting message');

    protected function execute(InputInterface $input, OutputInterface $output)
        $output->writeln('<info>Hello, Welcome to Magento 2 Custom Command Line!</info>');

This is a PHP code block that defines a custom command for Magento 2’s Command Line Interface (CLI).

Here’s what each part of the code does:

  • namespace GDBlogger\DemoModule\Console\Command; – This line specifies the namespace for the custom command. Namespaces help to avoid naming conflicts between classes and functions.
  • use Symfony\Component\Console\Command\Command; – This line imports the Command class from the Symfony\Component\Console\Command namespace. This class is the base class for all CLI commands in Symfony.
  • use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputInterface; – This line imports the InputInterface class from the Symfony\Component\Console\Input namespace. This class provides access to the input arguments and options passed to the command.
  • use Symfony\Component\Console\Output\OutputInterface; – This line imports the OutputInterface class from the Symfony\Component\Console\Output namespace. This class provides methods for outputting messages to the console.
  • class GreetingCommand extends Command – This line defines a new class named GreetingCommand that extends the Command class from the Symfony\Component\Console\Command namespace.
  • protected function configure() – This method is called during the configuration of the command. It sets the name and description of the command.
  • $this->setName('samplecommand:greetings') – This line sets the name of the command to samplecommand:greetings. The name is used to call the command from the CLI.
  • setDescription('Displays a greeting message'); – This line sets the description of the command that will be displayed when the --help the option is used.
  • parent::configure(); – This line calls the configure() method of the parent class.
  • protected function execute(InputInterface $input, OutputInterface $output) – This method is called when the command is executed. It takes the input and output objects as arguments.
  • $output->writeln('<info>Hello, Welcome to Magento 2 Custom Command Line!</info>'); – This line outputs a message to the console using the $output object. The <info> tag is used to highlight the message.

Define command in di.xml

Now, we need to register the command in our module. We can do this by adding the command to the module’s di.xml file.



Code of di.xml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<config xmlns:xsi="" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:framework:ObjectManager/etc/config.xsd">
   <type name="Magento\Framework\Console\CommandList">
           <argument name="commands" xsi:type="array">
               <item name="greeting_command" xsi:type="object">GDBlogger\DemoModule\Console\Command</item>

Check Commands List

After you create the command file and di.xml, it is time to check the Magento 2 command list to confirm the successful registration of your custom-created command.

Run the following command to check the list of all commands in Magento 2:

Php bin/magento

After running this command, you will get this result and here you can also see your custom-created command.

Test Command

Now, run the following command to test your custom-created command.

Php bin/magento samplecommand:greetings


Hello, Welcome to Magento 2 Custom Command Line!

I hope this guide will be helpful to you. Please do not hesitate to contact us through the comments section if you have any further questions.

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